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Located in the south of Hubei, known as "the South Gate of Hubei", Xianning has great renown for “Chibi old haunt of the Three Kingdoms, inland nuclear power city”, which has great advantages of its "mountain", "water" "geography","location","culture","scenery","energy"and the trend of development. Xianning is a suitable place to do ...[more]
location
Xianning City, attached to Hubei Province, known as “the southern gateway to Hubei”, is famous for sweet-scented os... [more]
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Lying in the southeast of Hubei Province, along the south bank of the Yangtze River, and at the junction of Hunan, Hu... [more]
History
 Despite the late administrative construction of Xianning (prefecture-level city), the counties and urban districts under its administration all have a long history. The territory of today’s Xianning belonged to Jing Chu in the Xia and Shang Dynasties ( about 2200-1100 BC), Nan County in the Qin Dynasty(221-206 BC ), [more]
The Musical Instrument Travelling Through the Times---Basin Drum
http://English.xianning.gov.cn 09-11-26
 

 

"Beating drums for a fight, a song and a dance", this is a miracle in the culture art field of the south of Hubei province. Although the basin drum has been through the vicissitudes, it is old but always developing.

The basin drum which is also called footbath drums is named for its basin shape. The basin drum is widely prevalentin the villages of Chibi City, Jiayu County, Chongyang County and Tongcheng County in Xianning City. According to historical records, in the ancient era of Shang and Zhou, the ancestors struck the wood, basins and drums for singing songs, which formed the rudiment of the footbath drum. The old "One person, One drum" custom, namely no matter who has a newly-born baby, the villagers will give the family a basin drum to show their congratulations.

Legend has it that during the Battle of Chibi in the Three Kingdoms period (220-280AD), the basin drum also played an important role in Sun Quan and Liu Bei’s allied army. According to History of the Three Kingdoms, which cited Wu Lu, Cao Cao’s Army invades the south. Around Chibi area, all the bad people who live in the dense mountains become virtuous and righteous and volunteer to fight. They made the raft and covered the basin drum to join in Zhou Yu’s war against Cao Cao. The Record of Jiangbiao Area recorded: These inhabitants usually combined five or six thousand households as the clansmen. When the fire in Wulin Town died out, millions of voluntary people in the south of Yangtze River framed the raft and struck the basin drum to join the battle. For a short while, the big drum thunder was thumping, and the north army was defeated utterly.

After Chibi War, the Footbath Drum became an indispensable part of the daily life of Chibi people and also developed the "Cultivating Field Drum"," Digging Drum", "Festive Drum"," Funeral Drum" and other branches of drums.

Now, the basin drum which is regarded as a unique folk music of Xianning City has been selected in the first batch of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Hubei Province and is applying for the National Non-material Cultural Heritage.

 


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