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Located in the south of Hubei, known as "the South Gate of Hubei", Xianning has great renown for “Chibi old haunt of the Three Kingdoms, inland nuclear power city”, which has great advantages of its "mountain", "water" "geography","location","culture","scenery","energy"and the trend of development. Xianning is a suitable place to do ...[more]
Xianning City, attached to Hubei Province, known as “the southern gateway to Hubei”, is famous for sweet-scented os... [more]
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Lying in the southeast of Hubei Province, along the south bank of the Yangtze River, and at the junction of Hunan, Hu... [more]
 Despite the late administrative construction of Xianning (prefecture-level city), the counties and urban districts under its administration all have a long history. The territory of today’s Xianning belonged to Jing Chu in the Xia and Shang Dynasties ( about 2200-1100 BC), Nan County in the Qin Dynasty(221-206 BC ), [more]
Rare Artistic Wonder---Tiqin Opera 09-11-27


Xianning Chongyang Tiqin Opera, a rare cultural species, spread its special charm in the grotesque and diversified modern arts.

Among the more than 300 Chinese operas, Tiqin Opera is a unique wonder.

The Tiqin Opera is “taken” by the Chongyang people from others.

It is said that it comes from Yueyang Tiqin Opera and is transformed, grafted, and developed until it’s sturdy and vigorous. The main instrument in Yueyang Tiqin Opera is the lute, but the Chongyang people concentrated on transformation innovation. Consequently, they created Tiqin. What is the Tiqin? You can sit and play it, you can stand and play it, and you don’t play, you can carry it. That’s Tiqin. The Tiqin opera has its unique tune. That is the combination of the Liangshan Tune which is widely spreaded in Southeast Hubei, Northern Hunan and Northern Jiangxi regions and Chongyang local tune. Then it formed an opera with the local characteristics of Chongyang County.

Tiqin Opera has been very popular among common people in Chongyang County.

According to Chongyang County Annual of the Qing Dynasty (1636-1911AD), it is recorded that early in the middle of Qing Dynasty, Chongyang local opera was rising, and “the Huagu Opera was prevalent, though it was banned repeatedly". In the early days of the new China, Chongyang County held amateur performances every year. Dozens of village troupes were in the county and the performance would last seven or eight days. Until 1950s, each household in Chongyang rural areas has a person who can play the Tiqin. Almost everyone can sing the opera. Up to now, it becomes hotter. During the festivals, weddings, funerals and the slack season, the opera is performed in many villages. The adults enjoy the opera while the children enjoy the lively atmosphere. The atmosphere of the mountain villages is as hot as a boiling pot.

The villagers can take hoes to work in the fields, and they can also put on the costumes to perform on the stages. The people, who are good at farm work and housework, after putting on makeup, can perform the opera very well and devote themselves to it. Seeing the farmers performing all kinds of roles, such as the red-faced Guan Yu, black-faced Zhang Fei, white-faced Cao Cao, and ladies, the villagers are very happy.

With the strong support of the county government, from the 1980s, the county has set up “Chongyang County Tiqin Opera Association” and "Tiqin Opera Foundation". Up to now, it has successfully held 6 sessions of "Tiqin Opera Festival". In 2000, Chongyang County was named as theHometown of Folk Art (Tiqin Opera) in China” by the Cultural Ministry. Tiqin Opera has become a national intangible cultural heritage. Now, the farmers of the entire county have spontaneously organized 92 troupes. There are more than 2,000 amateur actors and they have given more than 3,000 performances for millions of audiences.

The local flowers are redder than fire; the orchids in deep valley smell even sweet. Tiqin Opera makes the villages more alive, the life more interesting and the people happier.

咸宁市人民政府主办 咸宁日报社承办
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