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Factfile
Located in the south of Hubei, known as "the South Gate of Hubei", Xianning has great renown for “Chibi old haunt of the Three Kingdoms, inland nuclear power city”, which has great advantages of its "mountain", "water" "geography","location","culture","scenery","energy"and the trend of development. Xianning is a suitable place to do ...[more]
location
Xianning City, attached to Hubei Province, known as “the southern gateway to Hubei”, is famous for sweet-scented os... [more]
Administrative divisions
Lying in the southeast of Hubei Province, along the south bank of the Yangtze River, and at the junction of Hunan, Hu... [more]
History
 Despite the late administrative construction of Xianning (prefecture-level city), the counties and urban districts under its administration all have a long history. The territory of today’s Xianning belonged to Jing Chu in the Xia and Shang Dynasties ( about 2200-1100 BC), Nan County in the Qin Dynasty(221-206 BC ), [more]
From the Battlefield to the Field---Labor Drum
http://English.xianning.gov.cn 09-11-27
 

  Three thousand years' history flew away. The sound of the drum in the war between the states of Wu (1200-473BC) and Chu (1042-223BC) still echoes in people's mind. Approaching the first batch of provincial intangible cultural heritage--labor drum, we can listen to its legend for not getting old.

  Labor drum is prevalent in Xianning City, Tongshan County, etc. It's a kind of ancient drum used to play when people do farm work. The drum is also called "single drum" or "gallbladder drum", because its elliptical shape looks like a gallbladder. It also has a legend that "beating the drum can drive the evil away, and the people are brave as tigers."

  The history of labor drum can trace back to the Spring and Autumn Warring States Period (770-221BC). Tongshan County is the border of the ancient states of Wu and Chu. In the ancient time, the soldiers quartered at the frontier and often beat drums and sang. Later on, the villagers applied the war drum to labor occasions. Using the drum to inspire people to work has become a custom. "Cultivating in the fields, and singing while beating drums" has been welcomed by farmers. Tongshan County, written in the Tongzhi period (1861-1875AD) of the Qing Dynasty (1636-1911AD), wrote that “the cliff and the clear light, the bridge and the night drum, the fishing songs and the fishermen’s sing, and the field drum and temple bell", of which "tiangu" refers to Zaitian drum, one kind of the labor drums.

  The historical data shows that in the early Ming (1368-1644AD) and the Qing Dynasty, the labor drum became universal and developed into its heyday. The successor of labor drums, the old Han En said: “In the rural cooperatives period, Tongshan labor drum is the most prosperous. At that time, at one side of the mountain, people beat the Washan drum, while over the other side of the mountain, people beat the Haocao drum. At the foot of the mountain, people beat Zaitian drum. It was very lively. Those drummers sang songs as well as beating the drums. One man sang the song and others accompanied the main singer. They were singing from dawn to dusk.

  Now, the labor drum is in the inheritance, innovation and protection stage and it starts to walk from the fields to the art stages.


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