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Factfile
Located in the south of Hubei, known as "the South Gate of Hubei", Xianning has great renown for “Chibi old haunt of the Three Kingdoms, inland nuclear power city”, which has great advantages of its "mountain", "water" "geography","location","culture","scenery","energy"and the trend of development. Xianning is a suitable place to do ...[more]
location
Xianning City, attached to Hubei Province, known as “the southern gateway to Hubei”, is famous for sweet-scented os... [more]
Administrative divisions
Lying in the southeast of Hubei Province, along the south bank of the Yangtze River, and at the junction of Hunan, Hu... [more]
History
 Despite the late administrative construction of Xianning (prefecture-level city), the counties and urban districts under its administration all have a long history. The territory of today’s Xianning belonged to Jing Chu in the Xia and Shang Dynasties ( about 2200-1100 BC), Nan County in the Qin Dynasty(221-206 BC ), [more]
Why Quarreling on Names
http://English.xianning.gov.cn 11-01-06
 

  Once there were two young scholars, one surnamed “Sun” from Nanjing, the other surnamed “Li” from Beijing. Coincidentally, one day they both arrived at Qianliu’s residence to propose a marriage. Though they lived far from each other, they, both from wealthy families,  shared the character of seeking to prevail, for Sun’s father’s is the magistrate of Nanjing with military leadership while Li counted on his eldest uncle as a Great Scholar in the royal court.

  Therefore, they were eyeball to eyeball over the same girl.

  When Sun proposed, he boasted his vast patches of cropland, mules and horses from the richest family in Nanjing. And if she marries him, countless luxuries would await her.

  When it was Li’s turn, he remarked that, as a scholar, he would be either a regional administrator or a prefect, with a bright future. Were she to choose him, money would flow uncapped.

  Nevertheless, Qianliu preferred neither wealth nor power. All she cared was a man of real learning. So she asked them to compete on composing poetry.

  Li took the lead, “Those who marry a Sun have no offspring to come. My lady’s hands in a Li could bear children in no doubt.”

  Conspicuously, Li took the advantage to insult Sun. The latter, of course, had no reason to let the former slip through his fingers, thereby he remarked, “Sun is followed by Li*. Consider Li afterwards and we have a fate of being together.”

  This so ignited Li’s fury that he swore, “Sun is indeed a person of no righteousness. Why don’t you be surnamed Wang or Zhang? If Li starts by being inferior to Wangs and Zhangs, a son of a Wang or a Zhang would be far better than a grandson of Sun. **”

  Defiant, Sun retorted, “I suggest Scholar Li not be overjoyed. I’m a Sun and you are a Li. One Hundred Family Names  states clearly that Li comes below Sun.”

  The two scholars attacked each other back and forth so fiercely that they were even about to fight. Afraid of this possibility, Qianliu quickly sent for servant separate them as she put, “There is no need to fight over surnames. If you want to ask my hand, Please change One Hundred Family Names first.”

  Aware that Qian favored neither of them, they stopped fighting and left her residence with the same rebuff.

  * In ancient China, surnames are in the order of Zhao, Qian, Sun, and Li, etc.

  ** In Chinese, the word Sun (孙) is both a surnames and a noun referring to a grandson.

  


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