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Factfile
Located in the south of Hubei, known as "the South Gate of Hubei", Xianning has great renown for “Chibi old haunt of the Three Kingdoms, inland nuclear power city”, which has great advantages of its "mountain", "water" "geography","location","culture","scenery","energy"and the trend of development. Xianning is a suitable place to do ...[more]
location
Xianning City, attached to Hubei Province, known as “the southern gateway to Hubei”, is famous for sweet-scented os... [more]
Administrative divisions
Lying in the southeast of Hubei Province, along the south bank of the Yangtze River, and at the junction of Hunan, Hu... [more]
History
 Despite the late administrative construction of Xianning (prefecture-level city), the counties and urban districts under its administration all have a long history. The territory of today’s Xianning belonged to Jing Chu in the Xia and Shang Dynasties ( about 2200-1100 BC), Nan County in the Qin Dynasty(221-206 BC ), [more]
Huangpao in South Hubei-- A Piece of Magic Red Land
http://English.xianning.gov.cn 07-11-19
 

  On the arrival of the Chinese 16th Red Army in Tongcheng, Mother Huangju mobilized her sons to join the Red Army. Mother Huangju, an ordinary but great mother, lived in Yezhuwo country of Huangpao Mountain and gave birth to four boys and two girls, four of whom had participated in the Red Army.

  In the years of Revolutionary War, Mother Huangju often escorted the Red Army, detected enemy situations and passed information for them; in times of peace, she, as a septuagenarian, still took the lead part in collective production and was awarded the provincial model worker many times, thus leaving a period of historical charming story. 

  Only for love did she prepare to devote herself. Mother Huangju always dedicate herself to the Red Army and the country with her lifelong true feelings. History would not forget, and people would never forget! Mother Huangju's story was mentioned over and over in the conversations of the fellow villagers and was kept in mind by the followers.

  Red pepper, flaming life  Photographed by Wang Zhenzheng

  Tombstone of Mother Huangju-- Revolutionary Mother  Photographed by Zeng Qingyuan

  New look of Huangpao Village   Photographed by Gao Jianguo

  In 37 km southeast of Tongcheng County is an altitude-unnoticed mountain, namely Huangmao Mountain, which is also known as Huangpao Mountain. As to the origin of the name of Huangpao Mountain, there are two kinds of statements. The first is that there were celestials drying yellow robe here once and so it is called Huangpao Mountain; the other is that Emperor Yan once threw the emperor robe here and then it gets its name. However, it is right such a mountain that shines through history in Modern Revolutionary History for the revolutionary base established by the Chinese Red Army, and that glitters history for Revolutionary Mother-- Huangju.

  In 1927, the marshal Luo Ronghuan organized the peasant army in Tongcheng and staged "8.20" after-autumn insurrection, which started the first shot of armed insurrection after the "8.7" Conference. Meanwhile, he established the revolutionary base and soviet regime in Huangpao Mountain and Yaogu Mountain. In November, 1931, the KMT garrison spent conscientiously three camps in Tongcheng and launched a massive attack on Huangpao Soviet Area, in coordination with a total of two thousand people of Gehuangpu defending group. The areas from Wanghudong to Huotian soon became mountains of fire and seas of blood. Then the enemies split up into two routes to encircle and suppress Baishui Rock, searched and killed Red Army soldiers hidden under the rocks as well as hundreds of innocent people, thus changing Baishui Rock into rivers of blood. Later, to express their mourning, the people in Soviet Area renamed Baishui Rock with Red River.

  Today, the Baishui Rock Waterfall, enjoying the reputation of " NO.1 waterfall of Central China "with an altitude of 210 meters, is still standing like a monument. Coincided with the seasons of autumn and winter, fine water flows softly and the swarthy rock beach with exposed rocky beach is just like a naked, sturdy and straight backbone. A vast clump of reed catkins on both sides of the rocky beach are swaying in the wind with beaming and erect postures against the wind, steady, brave, firmed and with unusual demeanor. The turbulent and beaming smiles of bundles of reed catkins are just like lots of noble heads swaying in front, which are much like revolutionaries who never bow their heads in the face of aggressors, the oppositions' arrogance and the enemies' severe torture for the sake of justice and truth.

  The reed catkins round Baishui Rock grow red and then white, white and then red. Unconsciously, more than 70 years of time has already passed. And as the parties pass away one after another, vigorous revolutionary events of those years gradually attributed to silence in history. However, we will never forget the glorious history of this piece of hot land even though time can be gloomy and cause people to forget many things.

  (Written by Du Peiqing)


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