Gu Xuejie was a consultant in National Ancient Books Publishing Planning Group and a famous classical literature expert. He died in Beijing in 1998 at the age of 86. In his last years of his life, he once wrote in a memoir "there was a monk begging for alms everywhere. He had a discipline for himself that he never stayed in the same place over three days. One day, he stayed in a place with no people but a big hollow mulberry tree. He felt very good and wanted to live for a long time. But he immediately realized that he had had a deep emotion towards there - love is the most important taboo of Buddhism. Then he left. So later there was a saying that 'do not leave the hollow mulberry tree'. Buddhists believed in lot, never talked about love, while the common people regarded love as a very important thing. According to the Buddhism sayings, it was destiny that brought him to Xianing and he had lived there for about 3 years, which broke far more than the Buddhist's disciplines. And he was also a common person. So he could not help loving the place. He had eaten grains which grew on the soil of Xianning for 3 years, how could he have no love for that place? "
He worked in the People's Literature Publishing House at the end of 1952. Later Wang Jingzhi, Zhang Youluan, Chen Erdong, Wang Liqi, Zhou Shaoliang, Shuwu were assigned to the department of classical, which was a blossom at that time. He never expected that he would become"the Right Wing" - his crime was too wicked to be pardoned - because he made comments to the chair of the meeting in a Kochi Symposium. The wage dropped 5 levels and he was only paid 70 Yuan of living expenses. He was put in the Cadre School in the month of September of 1969. Though he was nearly 60 years old, he was forced to do things nobody else wanted to, such dirty and heavy work.
Gu once lived in a barren hillside of the Xiangyang Lake far from the No.14 Company. He put up the shed alone and guarded the melon garden in the evening. Though he had a yellow dog for company, the owls' frightening call made his hair stand on end. It reminded him of the two famous persons who avoided the "Striking Groupings"in the Eastern Han Dynasty. All sorts of feelings were welled up in his mind and composed a poem to express his anger "To see no hope outside the door and to ask for a shelter from Zhangjian, Has anyone known Dugen as a servant? The frightening chirps surrounded the whole field; Just leave me alone to guard the melon garden with a yellow dog".
Gu was easy to get frightened. Once, he walked one night passing a tomb. He was very afraid and didn't know what to do. Then he turned his mind in the thought of the change from danger to safety on the road to be relegated about Wang Shouren. This Neo-Confucianism had good disciplines in daily life such as "one should ever be prepared for danger", "hold on consistently and persistently", "observe everything around movable carefully and have a good mentation"and" show no interests". Gu thought that the ancients could face the inevitable difficulties in calm. It was nothing to face a bit of psychological fear compared with them. So he lived through a few hours of difficult times.
In the Xiangyang Lake, Gu and Shu Wu not only were "the Right Wing", but also they were old army comrades through thick and thin in the May Seventh Cadre School. During the time when they didn't have to work and didn't have a meeting in the evening, they two chatted with each other about everything.
On one summer night, there was a bright moon and clear breeze. Around the company there was silence in the green mountain and the lake water in the distance was very clean and green just like a picture. They sat under the phoenix tree in the yard. Each of them took a big cattail leaf fan and leaned back on the small chair. While they boiled the tea on the self-made stove, they also talked the past and the present freely. When it came to life-tide in rise and fall, all sorts of feelings welled up in their minds. Then Gu recited the famous poem that composed by Bai Juyi in the Tang Dynasty "Pines thousands of years would end in rot, Roses of Sharon took pride in their only day. " He considered that the meaning of the poem fitted the Zhuang Zhou's thought in the book On Leveling All Things. It was worthwhile to comfort him. Then he composed a poem in the sequence of poems in the Miscellaneous Poems of Cadre School - "I am far from my home, a long way; And we boil sweet tea with dews at a cool night; All around mountains fall into silence but clean sky and blue lake; Speak of roses of Sharon with witty remarks."
In the late period of the Cadre School, due to the accumulation of several years of company's work, such as grains, vegetables and meat, they were sufficiently supplied. The accommodation improved greatly. There was fish and meat for each meal, or chicken and duck. Gu could eat more than 500g of rice and an extra big china bowl of dish with meat and vegetables. In the day time, he just worked a few hours symbolically and didn't have to attend the meeting to learn and criticize. At night, he had a good sleep without worry. Thus he felt at ease and was in good mood. Then he chanted a poem again, "... In the waves, the wild ducks were diving; besides the lake some fish were dancing; He who observed the fun of the heaven silently; would never felt tired of Xiangyang Lake."
In 1972, Gu left Xianning Cadre School to the branch school in Danjiangkou. Before he left, he wrote a Rubetsu Poem to his old friend Shu Wu. One line in the poem was that "poetry and people go older, the friendship and mood become deeper."This two lines meant that his friend's poems became better and the mood also became desolate with the growth of age.
Gu only stayed in the branch school for two nights. Then he was transferred back to Beijing. Three years later he retired. In his late years, old scholar Gu Xuejie implemented the "persisting"housing problems under the care of the Comrade Hu Raobang in person. Since then he worked hard and made contributions to the society. The new and old works Gu Xuejie literature set, Kan Zhai poems record, famous scholars on both sides of the Taiwan Straits - menorship and poetic dramas of the Yuan and Ming Dynasties were issued and republished in succession. He also annotated many Chinese classical literature books. (Written by Li Chengwai)